Yn Nah Chaggey Dowanagh

Ass Wikipedia.
(Aa-enmyssit ass Y Nah Chaggey Dowanagh)
Gow gys: stiureydys, ronsee
Yn Nah Chaggey Dowanagh
Yn Nah Chaggey Dowanagh
Date: 1 Mean Fouyir 1939 – 2 Mean Fouyir 1945
Boayl: Yn Oarpey, y Keayn Sheealtagh, y Keayn Sheear, yn Aishey Hiar Yiass, y Çheen, y Niar Meanagh, y Veanvooir, as yn Affrick; taghyrtyn eigsoylagh ayns America Hwoaie as America Yiass
Troar: Barriaght ny Forseyn Cochaarjagh
– Tuittym y Treeoo Reich
– Tuittym Impiraghtyn ny Shapaan as ny h-Iddaal
– Bunneeaght ny h-Ashoonyn Unnaneysit
– Irree seose SUA as UPSS myr ard-phooaryn
– Toshiaght y Chaggey Feayr (tooilley...)
Caggeyderyn
Ny Forseyn Cochaarjagh

Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg UPSS (1941-1945)
US flag 48 stars.svg SUA (1941-1945)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Reeriaght Unnaneysit
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Y Çheen (1937-1945)
Flag of France.svg Y Rank
Flag of Poland.svg Y Pholynn
Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Y Chanadey
Flag of Australia.svg Yn Austrail
Flag of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia.svg Yn Yugoslaavey (1941-1945)
State Flag of Greece (1863-1924 and 1935-1970).svg Y Ghreag (1940-1945)
Flag of Belgium.svg Y Velg (1940-1945)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Y Çheer Injil (1940-1945)
Flag of New Zealand.svg Y Teelynn Noa
Flag of Norway.svg Norlynn (1940-1945)
Flag of South Africa 1928-1994.svg Yn Affrick Yiass
Flag of Brazil.svg Y Vrasseel (1942-1945)
Flag of Mexico.svg Meksico (1942-1945)
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg Y Çheckoslovack
Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1924-1940).svg Y Vongoil (1945)
Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg Ny Philippeenyn (1941-1945)
Ny Forseyn Essylagh

Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Yn Ghermaan
Merchant flag of Japan (1870).svg Y Çhapaan (1937-1945)
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Yn Iddaal (1940-1943)
Flag of Hungary (1920–1946).svg Yn Ungaar (1940-1945)
Flag of Romania.svg Y Romaan (1941-1945)
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Y Vulgeyr (1941-1945)
Co-hroiddee
Flag of Finland.svg Finnlynn (1941-1944)
Flag of Thailand.svg Y Çheer Thai (1942-1945)
Flag of Iraq (1921–1959).svg Yn Earack (1941)
Fo-steatyn as steatyn babbanagh
Flag of Manchukuo.svg Manchukuo
War flag of the Italian Social Republic.svg Yn Iddaal (1943-1945)
Flag of Independent State of Croatia.svg Y Chroit (1941-1945)
Philippines Flag Original.svg Ny Philippeenyn (1944-1945)
Flag of First Slovak Republic 1939-1945.svg Y Clovack
Fir hoshee
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg Joseph Stalin
US flag 48 stars.svg Franklin D. Roosevelt
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Winston Churchill
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Chiang Kai-shek
Flag of France.svg Charles de Gaulle
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Adolf Hitler
Merchant flag of Japan (1870).svg Hirohito
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Benito Mussolini
Sleih
Guintee
Baaseyn:
Cahnagh: >16,000,000
Shivoilee: >45,000,000
Baaseyn:
Cahnagh: >8,000,000
Shivoilee: >4,000,000

By chaggey dowanagh eh yn Nah Chaggey Dowanagh. Dy cadjin, t'eh er coontey dy doshee eh 'sy vlein 1939 as dy daink jerrey lesh 'sy vlein 1945. Ansherbee, va caggaghyn ayn hannah hene 'syn Aishey as, lurg tammylt, v'ad coontit myr paart jeh'n Nah Chaggey Dowanagh. Va tromlagh jeh ashoonyn y dowan troiddey 'sy chaggey as ad rang-oardit ayns daa phossan jeh cochaarjyssyn cahnagh: ny Forseyn Cochaarjagh as ny Forseyn Essylagh. V'eh ny chaggey smoo lheeadagh v'ayn rieau as ny smoo na 100 millioon dy gheiney goaill shirveish ayns unnidyn cahnagh. Va ny commee vooarey ayns staydys slane chaggey, as va jargaghtyn tarmaynagh, çhynskyllagh as oaylleeagh currit rish yn eab caggee. Ayns ny çheeraghyn va'n anchaslys eddyr y chooid heayagh as y chooid chahnagh dollit magh. By eh yn eiyrtys smoo baghtal ayn na mooad ny guintee hivoilagh, goaill stiagh adsyn va currit gy baase 'sy Deherree as yn ymmyd va jeant jeh bleaystanyn çheshveanagh. T'eh er ooley dy dooar eddyr 50 millioon as 85 millioon dooinney baase 'sy chaggey.

V'eh yn dean ec Impiraght ny Shapaan na yn Aishey Hiar y chur fo'n chosh eck, as, ec toshiaght y chaggey, v'ee troiddey noi Pobblaght ny Sheen veih'n vlein 1937. Jiu, t'eh coontit dy doshee yn Nah Chaggey Dowanagh er 1 Mean Fouyir 1939 tra ren y Ghermaan ruegey yn Pholynn. Ren y Reeriaght Unnaneysit as y Rank fogrey magh dy row ad ayns staydys caggey noi'n Ghermaan myr eiyrtys er y ruegys er y Pholynn. Myr eiyrtys er faghtyssyn as conaantyn, chur y Ghermaan y cochaarjys Essylagh er bun marish yn Iddaal, as ren ad cur cooid vie jeh'n Oarpey vooarheeragh fo smaght. Lurg Conaant Molotov-Ribbentrop, ren y Ghermaan as yn Unnaneys Soveidjagh rheynn magh as goaill stiagh thallooyn jeh ny çheeraghyn gerroil eddyr oc, goaill stiagh y Pholynn as ny çheeraghyn Baltagh. Cha row çheer elley, faagail magh y Reeriaght Unnaneysit as çheeraghyn elley jeh'n Cho-unnaneys Goaldagh, troiddey noi ny Forseyn Essylagh, as caggaghyn taghyrt 'syn Affrick Hwoaie as Cah yn Atlantagh. Ayns Mean Souree 1941, ren ny Forseyn Essylagh ruegey yn Unnaneys Soveidjagh, red ren cur cribbag er y chooid smoo jeh ny Forseyn Essylagh derrey jerrey yn chaggey. Ayns Mee ny Nollick 1941, ren y Çhapaan çheet er çheu ny Forseyn Essylagh, soiaghey ny Steatyn Unnaneysit as thallooyn Oarpagh harrish y Cheayn Sheealtagh as, dy tappee, va'n chooid smoo jeh ard heear y Cheayn Sheealtagh fo smagh ec ny Shapaanee.

Va stadd currit er gleashaghey ny Forseyn Essylagh 'sy vlein 1942. Chaill y Çhapaan caggey criticoil er Midway, faggys da Hawaiʻi, as cha ren ad cosney yn ghleashaght reesht. Va'n Ghermaan castit 'syn Affrick Hwoaie as, dy briwnyssagh, ayns Stalingrad 'sy Roosh. 'Sy vlein 1943, lurg straih taartyssyn ec ny Germaanee 'syn Oarpey Hiar, y ruegys Cochaarjagh er yn Iddaal as eh cur rish livrey seose eck, as barriaghtyn Americaanagh 'sy Cheayn Sheealtagh, ren ny Forseyn Essylagh cooyllaghey dy ro-inçhynagh er dagh çheu. 'Sy vlein 1944, ren ny Forseyn Cochaarjagh ruegey yn Rank, as ren yn Unnaneys Soveidjagh aaghoaill dagh cooid jeh'n thalloo va caillt as ren ny forseyn Soveidjagh ruegey yn Ghermaan as ny cochaarjyn eck. Car ny bleeantyn 1944 as 1945, ren ny h-Americaanee cur Lhuingys Chaggee Impiroil ny Shapaan fo haart as ghow ad smaght er ram ellanyn ogheragh 'sy Cheayn Sheealtagh Heear.

Haink jerrey lesh y chaggey 'syn Oarpey tra ren ny Forseyn Cochaarjagh ruegey yn Ghermaan as y ruegys shen çheet gys mullagh lesh goaill Verleen ec forseyn Soveidjagh as Polynnagh. Ren y Ghermaan livrey seose gyn conaant er 8 Boaldyn 1945. Lurg Fogrey Potsdam ec ny Cochaarjee er 26 Averil 1945, ren ny Steatyn Unnaneysit ceau bleaystanyn breneenagh er daa chaayr Shapaanagh, Hiroshima as Nagasaki, er y 6 Luanistyn as y 9 Luanistyn er lheh. Ren y Çhapaan livrey seose er 15 Luanistyn 1945 er yn oyr do row ruegys er yn Ellanragh Shapaanagh er gerrey as er yn oyr dy ren yn Unnaneys Soveidjagh fogrey magh staydys caggey noi'n Çhapaan roish dy ren ad ruegey y Vançhoor.

Ren y Nah Chaggey Dowanagh caghlaa çheughey politickagh as strughtoor sheshoil y dowan. Va ny h-Ashoonyn Unnaneysit currit er bun ry-hoi co-obbraghey eddyr-ashoonagh as son caggaghyn y haghney. Haink er ny pooaryn barriaghtagh—ny Steatyn Unnaneysit, yn Unnaneys Soveidjagh, y Çheen, y Reeriaght Unnaneysit, as y Rank—dy ve nyn olteynyn beayn er Coonseil Hickyrys ny h-Ashoonyn Unnaneysit. Dirree ny Steatyn Unnaneysit as yn Unnaneys Soveidjagh magh myr mooar-phooaryn trughanagh as eh cur rish toshiaght y Chaggey Feayr. Ec y traa cheddin, hoshee niart as cleayney ny pooaryn Oarpagh goll sheese as hoshee lesh jee-choloinaghey ny h-Aishey as ny h-Affrick. Dirree co-hymey politickagh magh, 'syn Oarpey er lheh, myr eab son mooinjerys eear-chahnagh y hickyraghey as dy cho-obbraghey ny s'breeoil car y Chaggey Feayr.

Chron-oaylleeaght[reagh]

Ta screeuderyn shennaghys smooinaghtyn dy nee 1 Mean Fouyir 1939 date toshee yn chaggey tra ren y Ghermaan ruegey er y Pholynn. Ren y Reeriaght Unnaneysit as y Rank fogrey magh staydys caggee daa laa ny lurg. Ansherbee, ta dateyn elley ayn son toshiaght y chaggey, goaill stiagh 7 Jerrey Souree 1937 - date toshee yn nah chaggey eddyr y Çheen as y Çhapaan.[1]

Ta deiney elley goll rish barel y screeudeyr shennaghys Goaldagh A. J. P. Taylor. T'eh coontey dy row daa chaggey ayn 'syn Oarpey as ny coloinyn eck as 'syn Aishey as dy daink ad ry cheilley 'sy vlein 1941. Ta dateyn elley son toshiaght y chaggey goaill stiagh y ruegys Iddaalagh er yn Abysseen er 3 Jerrey Fouyir 1935.[2][3][4][5] Ta'n screeudeyr shennaghys Goaldagh Antony Beevor coontey dy doshee yn Nah Chaggey Dowanagh ec Cahyn Khalkhin Gol eddyr y Çhapaan er un çheu as y Vongoil as yn Unnaneys Soveidjagh er y çheu elley veih Boaldyn derrey Mean Fouyir 1939.[6] Ta'n art shoh goll rish ny dateyn cadjinchliaghtagh.

Cha nel coardailys ayn mychione jerrey yn chaggey chammah. Ta deiney ennagh gra dy nee yn aash caggee er 14 Luanistyn 1945 (Laa V-J) y laa jerrinagh, gyn bwooise da livrey seose formoil jeh'n Çhapaan er er 2 Mean Fouyir 1945; ayns shennaghyssyn Oarpagh er lheh t'eh coontit dy nee 8 Boaldyn 1945 (Laa V-E) jerrey lesh y chaggey. Ansherbee, cha row Conaant cour Shee lesh y Çhapaan fo-screeuit agh 'sy vlein 1951,[7] as cha row y conaant son shee lesh y Ghermaan fo-screeuit agh 'sy vlein 1990.[8]

Cooylrey[reagh]

Taghyrtyn roish y chaggey[reagh]

Ruegys Iddaalagh er yn Abysseen (1935)[reagh]

Caggey Theayagh ny Spaainey (1936-39)[reagh]

Ruegys Shapaanagh er y Çheen (1937)[reagh]

Ruegys Shapaanagh er y Vongoil as yn Unnaneys Soveidjagh (1938)[reagh]

Cummaltyssyn as conaantyn 'syn Oarpey[reagh]

Coorse y chaggey[reagh]

Toshiaght y chaggey 'syn Oarpey (1939-40)[reagh]

Yn Oarpey Heear (1940-41)[reagh]

Y Veanvooir (1940-41)[reagh]

Soiagh Essylagh er yn UPSS (1941)[reagh]

Toshiaght y chaggey 'sy Cheayn Sheealtagh (1941)[reagh]

Scuirr er gleashaghey ny Forseyn Essylagh (1942-43)[reagh]

Y Cheayn Sheealtagh (1942-43)[reagh]

Y Toshiaght Hiar (1942-43)[reagh]

Yn Oarpey Heear/Y Keayn Sheear as y Veanvooir (1942-43)[reagh]

Gleashaghey ny Forseyn Cochaarjagh (1943-44)[reagh]

Ny Forseyn Cochaarjagh er beeal y varriaght (1944)[reagh]

Tuittym ny Forseyn Essylagh as y varriagh Chochaarjagh (1944-45)[reagh]

Eiyrtys[reagh]

Builley[reagh]

Guintee as loghtyn caggee[reagh]

Sleih-champyn as obbyr sleab[reagh]

Cooishyn-leigh eear-chaggee[reagh]

Imraaghyn[reagh]

  1. Förster, Stig; Gessler, Myriam (2005). "The Ultimate Horror: Reflections on Total War and Genocide", ayns Roger Chickering, Stig Förster as Bernd Greiner, lgn.: A World at Total War: Global Conflict and the Politics of Destruction, 1937–1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, dg. 53–68. ISBN 978-0-521-83432-2. 
  2. Ben-Horin, Eliahu (1943). The Middle East: Crossroads of History. York Noa: W. W. Norton & Company. 
  3. Taylor, A. J. P. (1961). The Origins of the Second World War. Lunnin: Hamish Hamilton. 
  4. Yisreelit, Hevrah Mizrahit (1965). Asian and African Studies, dg. 191. 
  5. Kellogg, William O (2003). American History the Easy Way. Barron's Educational Series, dg. 236. ISBN 0-7641-1973-7. 
  6. Beevor, Anthony (2012). The Second World War. Lunnin: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-84497-6. 
  7. Masaya, Shiraishi (1990). Japanese Relations with Vietnam, 1951–1987. Ithaca: SEAP Publications. ISBN 978-0-87727-122-2. 
  8. History of German-American Relations » 1989–1994 – Reunification » "Two-plus-Four-Treaty": Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany, 12 Mean Fouyir 1990. usa.usembassy.de. Feddynit er 6 Boaldyn 2012.