Jeeneysoar

Ass Wikipedia.
Gow gys: stiureydys, ronsee
Jeeneysoaryn
Rheam fossylagh: Tryassagh JeianaghKelkagh Jeianagh, 231.4–65.5 Ma
Ta'n taxon sluightagh Aves foast ayn jiu
Field dinos 2.jpg
Ushylee er mooin yn Tyrannosaurus (er y chlee) as yn Apatosaurus (er y jesh) ayns yn American Museum of Natural History


Rang oaylleeagh
Reeriaght: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Fo-phylum: Vertebrata
Rang: Sauropsida
Fo-rang: Diapsida
Far-oardagh: Dinosauria
Owen, 1842

Oardee as fo-oardee

By phossan dy chretooryn eigsoylagh ad ny jeeneysoaryn (veih δεινός "atçhimagh", as σαύρα "jiolgan" ny Greagish), ny ny jiolganyn atçhimagh, ren cummal er y Chruinney feie ny smoo na 160 millioon dy vleeantyn, veih'n eash Hryassagh (mysh 230 millioon dy vleeantyn er-dy-henney) derrey jerrey yn eash Chelkagh (mysh 65 millioon dy vleeantyn er-dy-henney) tra haink jerrey lesh y chooid smoo jeu dy doaltattym car taghyrt mooghee y Chelkagh-Phaleoghienagh. V'ad ny dreeym-juntee thallooin smoo kionnyssagh er y theihll car y lhing oc. Ta recortys ny fossylyn taishbyney dy ren ny h-ushagyn aafilley mastey ny jeeneysoaryn theropodagh car yn eash Yurassagh. Ren kuse jeu tannaghtyn bio erreish da haghyr taghyrt mooghee y Chelkagh-Phaleoghienagh, goaill stiagh shennayryn jeh dagh ushag t'er mayrn jiu. Er-yn-oyr shen, as rere coryssyn noa-emshyragh, ta ny h-ushagyn coontit myr sorçh dy yeeneysoaryn - yn un phossan ren tannaghtyn bio derrey yn laa t'ain jiu.[1][2]

She possan dy chaghlaa dy chretooryn eigsoylagh ad ny jeeneysoaryn; lesh ny smoo na 9,000 dooie ta ny smoo dooieyn 'sy phossan Aves (ushagyn) na ayns possan erbee elley agh ny yeeastyn perciformagh.[3] Ta ny smoo na 500 genus er lheh,[4] as ny smoo na 1,000 dooie dy yeeneysoaryn er lheh,[5] er nyn soilshaghey magh ec shenn-ontoaylleeyn. Ta dooieyn foast er mayrn as fooillee fossylagh taishbyney dy row jeeneysoaryn ry-gheddyn er dagh mooar-rheynn.[6] By luss-eederyn fir jeh ny jeeneysoaryn, as by eederyn-foalley fir elley jeu. By ghaa-chassee cooid vooar jeh ny jeeneysoaryn, goaill stiagh ushagyn, agh va cooid vooar elley jeh ny possanyn mooghit nyn giare-chassee, as ren fir jeu caghlaa veih'n daa chass oc gys ny kiare cassyn. Va strughtooryn taishbynys yl-chast ec ram dooieyn lheid as eairkyn as kereenyn, as ren possanyn roie-henndeeagh lhiasaghey neeallaghtyn ushylagh lheid as eillaghyn craueagh. T'ad ny jeeneysoaryn eeanlee ny vertebree etlagh smoo kionneyssagh er y chruinney veih mooghey yn pterosaur, as ta feanish ayn dy ren dagh jeeneysoar croo idd as brey oohyn er yn aght cheddin as vel ny h-ushagyn noa-emshyragh croo idd as brey oohyn. Ga dy vel enney mooar er ny jeeneysoaryn er çheu yn vooadys mooar oc, va'n chooid smoo jeu cha beg as deiney ny ny sloo.

Haink yn ennym "jeeneysoar" magh ass yn 'ockle Baarlagh "dinosaur" as eh hene er ny chroo 'sy vlein 1842 ec y çhenn-ontoayllee Sostynagh Richard Owen. T'eh çheet magh ass ny focklyn Greagish δεινός (deinos) "atçhimagh, niartal, yindyssagh, lajer" + σαῦρος (sauros) "jiolgan". Car y chied lieh jeh'n 20oo eash ren y chooid smoo jeh'n phobble oaylleeagh credjal dy nee cretooryn feayr-fuiltagh litçheragh as jee-cheeaylagh v'ayns ny jeeneysoaryn. Ansherbee, ta'n chooid smoo jeh'n ronsaght t'er stiurey veih ny 1970yn taishbyney dy nee cretooryn lheiltagh v'ayndaue as soe yrjit oc as dy row ceaghlaghyn eigsoylagh oc son eddyr-obbraghey sheshoil.

Veih traa feddyn magh ny kied fossylyn jeeneysoaragh 'sy 19oo eash lheah ta ushylee dy yeeneysoaryn ny coipyn goll er ve croghit myr tayrnyssyn ayns thieyn tashtee feie ny cruinney, as haink er ny jeeneysoaryn dy ve nyn gooid jeh cultoor y theihill. T'ad ry-gheddyn ayns lioaryn as scannaneyn lheid as Jurassic Park, as ta feddynyn magh noa soilshit magh ec yn ym-ysseraght. 'Sy ghlare chadjin, ta'n fockle "jeeneysoar" ymmydit dy chur sheese er reddyn ro-vooarey, ass oash, ny jeerit gys yn anvioys,[7] as eh shen soilshey magh yn eie dy nee cretooryn mee-lhoobagh y çhenn heihll v'ayndaue.

Imraaghyn[reagh]

  1. Jacques Gauthier, Lawrence F. Gall, editors. (2001). "Feathered dinosaurs, flying dinosaurs, crown dinosaurs, and the name 'Aves'.", New Perspectives on the Origin and Early Evolution of Birds: Proceedings of the International Symposium in Honor of John H. Ostrom (PDF) (ayns Baarle), Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University. ISBN 0-912532-57-2. Feddynit magh er 2009-09-22. 
  2. "The origin and early evolution of birds: discoveries, disputes, and perspectives from fossil evidence" (2004). Naturwissenchaften. Ym-lioar 91 (10): 455–471. doi:10.1007/s00114-004-0570-4. Bibcode2004NW.....91..455Z. 
  3. Alfaro, M.E., F. Santini, C. Brock, H. Alamillo, A. Dornburg. D.L. Rabosky, G. Carnevale, and L.J. Harmon (2009). "Nine exceptional radiations plus high turnover explain species diversity in jawed vertebrates". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106 (32). doi:10.1073/pnas.0811087106. PMID 19633192. Bibcode2009PNAS..10613410A. 
  4. Wang, S.C., and Dodson, P. (2006). "Estimating the Diversity of Dinosaurs". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103 (37). doi:10.1073/pnas.0606028103. PMID 16954187. Bibcode2006PNAS..10313601W. 
  5. Amos J (2008-09-17). Will the real dinosaurs stand up?. BBC News. Feddynit er 2011-03-23.
  6. MacLeod, N, Rawson, PF, Forey, PL, Banner, FT, Boudagher-Fadel, MK, Bown, PR, Burnett, JA, Chambers, P, Culver, S, Evans, SE, Jeffery, C, Kaminski, MA, Lord, AR, Milner, AC, Milner, AR, Morris, N, Owen, E, Rosen, BR, Smith, AB, Taylor, PD, Urquhart, E & Young, JR (1997). "The Cretaceous–Tertiary biotic transition". Journal of the Geological Society. Ym-lioar 154 (2): 265–292. doi:10.1144/gsjgs.154.2.0265. 
  7. Dinosaur – Definition and More. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Feddynit er 2011-05-06.