Dene Suline (çhengey)

Ass Wikipedia.
Gow gys: stiureydys, ronsee
Dene Suline
Dëne Sųłiné
Goll er loayrt ayns Yn Chanadey
Ard Alberta Hwoaie, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Thallooyn yn Eear Hwoaie, Nunavut
Earroo loayreyderyn 11,895 [1]
Kynney çhengey Dené-Yeniseiagh
Staydys oikoil
Çhengey oikoil ayns Thallooyn yn Eear Hwoaie
Fo stiurey ec gyn stiureyder oikoil
Coadyn çhengey
ISO 639-1 gyn coad
ISO 639-2 chp
ISO 639-3 chp

Ta Dene Suline (Dëne Sųłiné, Dene Sųłiné, Chipewyan, Dene Suliné, Dëne Suliné, Dene Soun’liné as Dene myrgeddin) ny çhengey ta loayrit ec y chlein Chipewyan jeh'n Chanadey veanagh. T'ee ny çhengey Athabaskagh, as rere shen t'ee ny çhengey mooinjerey da'n Navajo. Ta ny smoo na 11,000 loayredeyryn 'sy Chanadey, yn chooid smoo ayns Saskatchewan, Alberta as Thallooyn yn Eear Hwoaie,[1] agh cha nel stayd oikoil eck ayns Thallooyn yn Eear Hwoaie lesh 8 çhengaghyn bun-dooghyssagh elley: Cree, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, Slavey my Hwoaie, Slavey my Yiass as Tłįchǫ.[2]

Sheeanyn[reagh]

Corocklyn[reagh]

Ta 39 corocklyn ayns Dene Suline:

  Daa-veillagh Eddyr-
eeacklagh
Feeacklagh Lurg-
chooyleeacklagh
Coghooysagh / Scoarnagh Sluggidagh
meanagh lhiattagh baghtal meillagh
Stronnagh m m   n n          
Bleaystagh baghtal b p   d t     g k gw  
boggit     t     k kw kʷʰ  
tilgit         kwʼ kʼʷ ɂ ʔ
Affricaid baghtal   ddh dz ts dl j      
boggit   tth tθʰ ts tsʰ tɬʰ ch tʃʰ      
tilgit   tthʼ tθʼ tsʼ tsʼ tłʼ tɬʼ chʼ tʃʼ      
Screebagh neuchronnaneagh   th θ s s ł ɬ sh ʃ hh χ hhw χʷ h h
cronnaneagh   dh ð z z l ɮ zh ʒ gh ʁ ghw ʁʷ  
Craa     r r          

Ta ny screebee "coghooysagh" ny corocklyn keeagh ny scoarnagh.

Breeocklyn[reagh]

Vowels[reagh]

Ta 6 breeocklyn lesh foaynooee lheamyssagh ayns Dene Suline.

  Toshee Meanagh Cooyl
Doont i i   u u
Doont-meanagh ë/e e   o o
Foshlit-meanagh e ɛ    
Foshlit   a a  

Foddee er ny breeocklyn dy ve:

Myr eiyrtys, ta 18 breeocklyn sheeanagh:

  Toshee Meanagh Cooyllagh
giare foddey giare foddey giare foddey
Doont focklagh i     u
stronnagh ĩ ĩː     ũ ũː
Doont-meanagh e       o  
Foshlit-meanagh focklagh ɛ ɛː        
stronnagh ɛ̃ ɛ̃ː        
Foshlit focklagh     a    
stronnagh     ã ãː    

Ta 9 daaghooaghtyn focklagh as stronnagh jeh'n furrym breeockle + /j/.

  Toshee Meanagh Cooyl
focklagh stronnagh focklagh stronnagh focklagh stronnagh
Doont         uj ũj
Eddyr ej ẽj əj   oj õj
Foshlit     aj ãj    

Toan[reagh]

Ta daa hoan ayns Dene Suline:

  • ard
  • injil

Imraaghyn[reagh]

Kianglaghyn çheumooie[reagh]

Lioaryn[reagh]

  • Cook, Eung-Do. (2004). A grammar of Dëne Sųłiné (Chipewyan). Algonquian and Iroquoian Linguistics - Special Athabaskan Number, Memoir 17. Winnipeg: Algonquian and Iroquoian Linguistics. ISBN 0-921064-17-9.
  • Cook, Eung-Do. 2006. "The Patterns of Consonantal Acquisition and Change in Chipewyan (Dene Suline)". International Journal of American Linguistics. 72, no. 2: 236.
  • De Reuse, Willem. 2006. "A Grammar of Dene Suline (Chipewyan) (Cook)". International Journal of American Linguistics. 72, no. 4: 535.
  • Elford, Leon W. Dene sųłiné yati ditł'ísé = Dene sųłiné reader. Prince Albert, SK: Northern Canada Mission Distributors, 2001. ISBN 1-896968-28-7
  • Gessner, S. 2005. "Properties of Tone in Dene Suline". Amsterdam Studies in the Theory and History of Linguistic Science. Series IV, Current Issues in Linguistic Theory. 269: 229-248.
  • Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (Ed.). (2005). Ethnologue: Languages of the world (15th ed.). Dallas, TX: SIL International. ISBN 1-55671-159-X. (Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com).
  • Li, Fang-Kuei. (1946). Chipewyan. In C. Osgood & H. Hoijer (Eds.), Linguistic structures of native America (pp. 398-423). New York: The Viking Fund.
  • Osgood, Cornelius; & Hoijer, Harry (Eds.). (1946). Linguistic structures of native America. Viking fund publications in anthropology (No. 6). New York: The Viking Fund. (Reprinted 1963, 1965, 1967, & 1971, New York: Johnson Reprint Corp.).