Plasmey killag

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She rheynn jeh killag eh plasmey killag, as far-chrackan killag mygeayrt echey. Ta mynoltyn ayns plasmey killag chillagyn eukaryotagh, as far-chrackanyn rheynn y plasmey ayndaue veih'n phlasmey elley. Ta'n chooid smoo jeh obbraghyn killag taghyrt ayns y phlasmey killag.

Y plasmey killag nagh vel ayns mynoltyn, t'ad cur cytosol er. She mestey jeh snaieyn ushylagh killag, co-vreneenyn lheieit as ushtey t'ayn. Ta rheynn mooar jeh'n chillag lane dy chytosol.

Co-oltyn[reagh]

Ta tree co-oltyn mooarey ec plasmey killag: cytosol, mynoltyn as goaillyn stiagh.

Cytosol[reagh]

Proteenyn ayns rheynnyn killag as troggalyn, as proteen stroo-hoilshagh glass oc.

Y cytosol, shen y rheynn jeh'n chillag nagh vel stiagh mynolt far-chrackanagh. She fliughid trooid-hoilshagh t'ayn, as co-oltyn elley y phlasmey killag aynjee. Ta cytosol jannoo magh mysh 70% jeh'n chillag, as t'ee jeant jeh ushtey, sollanyn as co-vreneenyn orgaanagh[1]. Ta snaieyn proteenagh yn ushylagh killag aynjee, chammah's proteenyn lheieagh, as troggalyn mooar, myr ribbosoomyn[2].

Mynoltyn[reagh]

She rheynn far-chrackanagh ayns y chillag eh mynolt, as eshyn currit da obbyraghyn er lheh. Mynoltyn mooarey y chytosol, t'ad goaill stiagh mitochondria, moggyl endoplasmagh, y farrys Golgi, leesosoomyn, as chloroplastyn.

Goaillyn stiagh[reagh]

Goaillyn stiagh, t'ad nyn mreneenyn beggey dy stoo neulheieagh ta croghey ayns y chytosol. Foddee ymmodee reddyn ve nyn ngoaillyn stiagh: kelkium ocsaleit ny shillagon daa-osseed ayns killagyn lossreeyn[3][4], grineenyn dy stoo tashtey-bree myr stark[5] glycogen,[6] ny polyhydrocsybutyrate.[7] Ta bineenyn dy lipaidyn as proteen feer chadjin; ta prokaryota as eukaryota tashtey lipaidyn (myr sampleyr, geayr sahllagh ny sterol) ayns yn aght shen[8]. Ta bineenyn lipaid jannoo magh chooid mooar dy adipocyteyn, agh t'ad ry-akin ayns ymmodee killagyn elley myrgeddin.

Imraaghyn[reagh]

  1. Cytoplasm Composition
  2. van Zon A, Mossink MH, Scheper RJ, Sonneveld P, Wiemer EA (Mean Fouyir 2003). "The vault complex" (Baarle). Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 60 (9): 1828–37. doi:10.1007/s00018-003-3030-y. PMID 14523546. 
  3. Prychid, Christina J.; Rudall, Paula J. (1999). "Calcium Oxalate Crystals in Monocotyledons: A Review of their Structure and Systematics". Annals of Botany 84 (6): 725. doi:10.1006/anbo.1999.0975. 
  4. Prychid, C. J.; Rudall, P. J.; Gregory, M. (2003). "Systematics and Biology of Silica Bodies in Monocotyledons". The Botanical Review 69 (4): 377–440. doi:10.1663/0006-8101(2004)069[0377:SABOSB]2.0.CO;2. 
  5. Ball SG, Morell MK (2003). "From bacterial glycogen to starch: understanding the biogenesis of the plant starch granule". Annual Review of Plant Biology 54: 207–33. doi:10.1146/annurev.arplant.54.031902.134927. PMID 14502990. 
  6. Shearer J, Graham TE (Averil 2002). "New perspectives on the storage and organization of muscle glycogen". Can J Appl Physiol 27 (2): 179–203. PMID 12179957. 
  7. Anderson AJ, Dawes EA (Mee ny Nollick 1990). "Occurrence, metabolism, metabolic role, and industrial uses of bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates". Microbiology Reviews 54 (4): 450–72. PMID 2087222. PMC:372789. 
  8. Murphy DJ (Mean Fouyir 2001). "The biogenesis and functions of lipid bodies in animals, plants and microorganisms". Prog. Lipid Res. 40 (5): 325–438. PMID 11470496. 


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