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Hejaz

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Hejaz
ٱلْحِجَاز
Al-Ḥijāz
—  Ard  —
Y boayl smoo casherick 'syn Islam, Al-Masjid al-Haram, ta cruinlaghey yn Kaaba ('sy vean), ayns Mecca. She Mecca balley ruggyree as shennayraght Mahommad, as t'eh ny voayl bleinoil da ny millioonyn dy phirgrinyn Moslymagh.
Y boayl smoo casherick 'syn Islam, Al-Masjid al-Haram, ta cruinlaghey yn Kaaba ('sy vean), ayns Mecca. She Mecca balley ruggyree as shennayraght Mahommad, as t'eh ny voayl bleinoil da ny millioonyn dy phirgrinyn Moslymagh.
Caslys çheerey Hejaz ta taishbyney ny baljyn Mecca, Medina, Jeddah, Yanbu as Tabuk. Ta'n ard Saudi taishbynit lesh y linney jiarg as ta'n Reeriaght 'sy vlein 1923 taishbynit ayns eayney.
Caslys çheerey Hejaz ta taishbyney ny baljyn Mecca, Medina, Jeddah, Yanbu as Tabuk. Ta'n ard Saudi taishbynit lesh y linney jiarg as ta'n Reeriaght 'sy vlein 1923 taishbynit ayns eayney.
Co-ordnaidyn: 23°N 40°E / 23°N 40°E / 23; 40Co-ordnaidyn: 23°N 40°E / 23°N 40°E / 23; 40
Çheer Yn Araab Saudi
Ardjyn Al-Bahah, Mecca, Medina, Tabuk

She ard er coose heear yn Araab Saudi eh Hejaz (Arabish: ٱلْحِجَاز, 'y Cagliagh'). T'eh coodaghey yn chooid smoo jeh'n choose heear as t'eh goaill stiagh ny baljyn Mecca, Medina, Jeddah, Tabuk, Yanbu, Taif as Baljurashi. T'eh enmyssit y "Queiggey Heear",[1] as t'eh caglit 'sy neear liorish y Vooir Ruy, 'sy twoaie liorish y Jordaan, 'sy niar liorish Najd, as 'sy jiass liorish Ard 'Asir.[2] She Jeddah yn balley smoo ayn, y nah valley smoo 'syn Araab Saudi, as she Mecca as Medina y kiarroo as y queiggoo balley smoo 'sy çheer.[3]

She soiaghey ny baljyn casherick Mecca[4] as Medina[5][6][7] t'ayn, y chied as y nah voayl smoo casherick 'syn Islam. Kyndagh rish shen, s'mooar yn scansh t'ec Hejaz ayns shennaghys as politickaght Arabo-Islamagh. She Hejaz yn ard smoo cummaltit 'syn Araab Saudi,[8] as she yn Arabish y çhengey smoo loayrit ayn, myr t'ayns y chooid elley jeh'n Araab Saudi, as she Arabish Hejaz yn abbyrt smoo loayrit ayn. Ta fir jeh pobble Hejaz jeh sluight bun kynneeagh anchasley,[3] agh ta'n chooid smoo jeu jeh bun Arabagh.[9]

Rere tradishoon yn Islam, she boayl ruggyree yn 'adeyr Islamagh Mahommad t'ayn, va ruggit ayns Mecca. Dy h-ynnydoil, t'eh smooinit dy nee Abraham, Ishmael, as Hagar, shennayryn Mahommad, bunneyderyn Mecca.[10][11] Haink yn ard dy ve ny chooid jeh'n impiraght echey car ny barriaghtyn Moslymagh leah, as v'eh ny ayrn jeh kaylifaghtyn eiyrtyssagh, goaill toshiaght rish Kaylifaght Rashidun, lesh Kaylifaght Umayyad, as goaill jerrey rish Kaylifaght Abbasid. Dreill yn Impiraght Ottomanagh lieh-reirey harrish yn ard; lurg hie eh er ny scryssey, dirree Reeriaght Hejaz magh feie tammylt giare ayns 1925 roish my row eh goit liorish Sultanaght Nejd, red chroo Reeriaght Hejaz as Nejd.[12] Ayns Mean Fouyir 1932, ren Reeriaght Hejaz as Nejd unnaneysey rish ny çhiarnyssyn Saudi Al-Hasa as Qatif, red chroo Reeriaght unnaneysit yn Araab Saudi.[13][14]

Imraaghyn[reagh | edit source]

  1. Mackey, dg. 101. "The Western Province, or the Hejaz[...]"
  2. Hopkins, Daniel J. (2001). Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. dg. 479. ISBN 0-87779-546-0. Feddynit magh er 17 Mayrnt 2013.
  3. a b Leatherdale, Clive (1983). Britain and Saudi Arabia, 1925–1939: The Imperial Oasis. Psychology Press. dg. 12. ISBN 9780714632209.
  4. Quran 48:22-29
  5. Quran 9:25-129
  6. Quran 33:09-73
  7. Quran 63:1-11
  8. "Mecca: Islam's cosmopolitan heart". Er ny hashtey veih yn lhieggan bunneydagh er 14 Nollick 2018. Feddynit magh er 8 Jerrey Souree 2014. The Hijaz is the largest, most populated, and most culturally and religiously diverse region of Saudi Arabia, in large part because it was the traditional host area of all the pilgrims to Mecca, many of whom settled and intermarried there. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |archivedate= (cooney)
  9. Minahan, James (1996). Nations Without States: A Historical Dictionary of Contemporary National Movements (ayns English). Greenwood Press. dg. 229. ISBN 978-0-313-28354-3.
  10. Lings, Martin (1983). Muhammad: His Life Based on the Earliest Sources. Islamic Texts Society. ISBN 978-0-946621-33-0.
  11. Glassé, Cyril (1991). "Kaaba". The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam. HarperSanFrancisco. ISBN 0-0606-3126-0.
  12. Yamani, M. (2009), Cradle of Islam: the Hijaz and the quest for an Arabian identity, I.B. Tauris, ISBN 978-1-84511-824-2 (Pbk. ed.)
  13. Al-Rasheed, M. A History of Saudi Arabia. Cambridge, Sostyn, RU: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
  14. A Brief overview of Hejaz - Hejaz history Er ny hashtey 15 Luanistyn 2018 ec y Wayback Machine

Kianglaghyn magh[reagh | edit source]